The IOM Zambia 2015 – 2016 Country Strategy outlines IOM Zambia’s priority areas of support to the Government of Zambia in strengthening migration governance in the broad areas of: Migrant Assistance; Immigration and Border Management; Migration Health; Operations, Emergencies and Recovery; and Labour Migration and Development.
Since June 2013, IOM Zambia has been implementing a tuberculosis (TB) screening programme on behalf of the United Kingdom Home Office. The programme aims to reduce the resurgence of TB in the UK through early identification and treatment of those diagnosed with TB before they travel and thus significantly prevent spread of TB in their home country and to the UK. The TB screening targets long-term visa applicants who intend to reside in the UK for six months or more. Since the beginning of the programme in Zambia, a total of 400 people have been screened.
Zambia is a transit, destination and origin country for various groups of migrants, including unaccompanied and/or separated children, asylum-seekers, refugees, stranded migrants and victims of trafficking. These groups of people can be vulnerable due to the difficulties in identifying them within broader mixed movements and their limited access to legal rights and protections once identified.
The identification of vulnerable migrants is vital to ensure that they are granted access to protection and support services.
Many migrants, including victims of human trafficking, unaccompanied and separated children, asylum seekers and refugees can be highly vulnerable, in part due to the difficulties in their appropriate identification and onward referral. This is compounded by limited designated spaces for first line officials to interview vulnerable migrants, including children, in a safe, confidential and non-threatening environment.
Like many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Zambia is one of the countries seriously affected by the HIV pandemic.
According to the Demographic Health Survey (DHS), the country’s HIV prevalence currently stands at about 13 per cent,[i] with the 2013 Global AIDS Report indicating Zambia’s significant gains in the national response, and ranking Zambia as one of the top six countries in the world to record reduction in new HIV infections, especially in the prevention of Mother to Child (PMTC) transmission.