Zambia is a transit, destination and origin country for various groups of migrants, including unaccompanied and/or separated children, asylum-seekers, refugees, stranded migrants and victims of trafficking. These groups of people can be vulnerable due to the difficulties in identifying them within broader mixed movements and their limited access to legal rights and protections once identified.
The identification of vulnerable migrants is vital to ensure that they are granted access to protection and support services.
Many migrants, including victims of human trafficking, unaccompanied and separated children, asylum seekers and refugees can be highly vulnerable, in part due to the difficulties in their appropriate identification and onward referral. This is compounded by limited designated spaces for first line officials to interview vulnerable migrants, including children, in a safe, confidential and non-threatening environment.
Like many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Zambia is one of the countries seriously affected by the HIV pandemic.
According to the Demographic Health Survey (DHS), the country’s HIV prevalence currently stands at about 13 per cent,[i] with the 2013 Global AIDS Report indicating Zambia’s significant gains in the national response, and ranking Zambia as one of the top six countries in the world to record reduction in new HIV infections, especially in the prevention of Mother to Child (PMTC) transmission.
I am pleased to present the fifth edition of IOM Zambia’s Newsletter. It contains the latest information on IOM's activities and projects implemented in 2015, as well as insights into the migration context in Zambia.
A total of 135 households of former Angolan refugees from Zambian refugee settlements (Mayukwayukwa, Western Province and Maheba, North-Western Province) participated in the safe and voluntary repatriation to Angola.