The year 2014 saw four major emergencies that required simultaneous system-wide responses – in Syria, Iraq, South Sudan and the Central African Republic – followed by the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa. The humanitarian sector has been stretched beyond the limits of its capacity and there are calls for system-wide reform.
The Middle Shabelle Region in Somalia suffers from recurrent floods which threaten community life, property, and livelihoods. Flooding negatively affects hygiene and sanitation, causing the spread of diseases such as cholera. In Jowhar, Middle Shabelle region, heavy rainfalls due to the recent El Niño phenomenon have left many communities flooded and isolated.
Already in her 70s, Rufina Moi was forced to leave the Carteret Islands, Papua New Guinea, two years ago. A number of factors influenced her decision to leave behind her home, with the main one being land degradation: the declining area of land available to cultivate due to high population growth and sea-level rise.
Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are very much talked about as we approach the opening of COP21, one of the largest global conferences ever held.
Increasingly, as attention is being devoted to the human mobility and climate nexus, we hear more and more calls from various actors to design and implement policies for climate adaptation that include a migration component.