Border Management

IOM Helps Migrants Start Anew in South Sudan

By Katy Snowball

Mahamed Garad is a 28 year-old Somali living in the United Nations Protection of Civilian (PoC) site, in Juba. Mahamed was forced to leave his humanitarian career in Mogadishu, Somalia in October 2013 because he felt too unsafe to continue working there. After spending time in Rwanda, he headed to South Sudan and established himself in Bor, the capital of Jonglei State, as a retailer.

Increased Illegal Border Crossings a Concern in Western Balkans

Frontline police officers study the early detection of human trafficking and smuggling (FYR Macedonia)

By Katarína Lughofer

The Western Balkans emerged from the turmoil of the 1990s as a source of migrants seeking better lives in Western Europe. It then became a transit route for migrants from the Middle East, South Asia and Africa also heading towards European Union countries. In 2015 it again hit the headlines with thousands of economically hard-pressed Kosovar migrants seeking asylum in Hungary, Austria and Germany (IOM Press Briefing Notes, February 13, 2015).

IOM Builds Capacity of Iraqi Officials to Identify Fraudulent Travel Documents

IOM officials and Iraqi counterparts build migration management capacity at Basra International Airport.

By HIJRA AMINA programme, IOM Iraq and IBM Cairo

For the past two years, IOM has been training Basra International Airport (BSR) officials to build their border management skills to address irregular migration and detect fraudulent travel documents. The trainings have built capacity at the airport, where passenger traffic jumped fourfold between 2009 – 2012.

Border Resident Communities - New Hiding Places for Migrant Smugglers


Some African borders are just a dirt road used by local communities and traders for centuries.

By Marcellino Ramkishun

IOM and Tanzania are looking into ways to facilitate regular cross –border mobility and decrease irregular migration and migrant smuggling in border resident communities with the proposed introduction of Border Resident Cards (BRCs).

Communities who live on borders in many African countries today face serious challenges and are often caught between the administrative processes of two States.

The African Capacity Building Centre: Five Years of Fostering Good Migration Governance

By Marcellino Ramkishun

The African Capacity Building Centre (ACBC) in Moshi, Tanzania has played an integral role in the growth and understanding of border management and related matters throughout the African continent.

Our Sea


The Italian Harbourmaster Corps (Coast Guard) in Rome rescues migrants bound to the coasts of Italy. © Francesco Malavolta 2014

By Eugenio Ambrosi
IOM Regional Director, RO Brussels

First published in New Europe | 18 Feb 2015

Europe seems to have forgotten that it was only 70 years ago that Europeans were uprooted and seeking shelter from war and poverty. Then in the blink of an eye, Europe went from a continent of emigration to one of destination and yet our welcome leaves much to be desired.  We have drawn up the bridge and entered into “crisis” mode as if Europe were under siege by migrants.

Facing the Syrian Refugee Crisis, Turkey Must Not Stand Alone

By Isabel Santos

Last month I was part of a delegation from the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly to Harran, Turkey, where we came across a “city of containers” – thousands of them – surrounded by fences and housing some 14,500 refugees. Life goes on day after day in search of a normalcy that such a place can never provide. In one of the container-city’s schools, we met with children who expressed their distress in crayons, drawing planes dropping bombs and scenes of war, bleeding and destruction. The images were populated by mothers and children on trails, leaving their homeland behind.

Economic Changes Mean Border Challenges in Laos


By Doug Foskett, Chief of Mission IOM Lao PDR

Asia is changing – so fast you can literally watch it happen. Like a time-lapse movie, buildings sprout up, cities spread, people rush ever-faster between countries. ASEAN, the Association of South-East Asian Nations is quietly but firmly becoming a regional force, bringing opportunity and challenge.

The Beast That Turns Dreams Into Nightmares

By Niurka Piñeiro, IOM Washington DC

José Luis Hernandez was just 19 years old when he lost a leg, an arm and four fingers of the other hand after falling off of La Bestia, or the Beast, as Central American migrants aptly named the train that leaves the southern Mexican city of Arriaga and travels north to Reynosa, just across the border from McAllen, Texas.