By Christopher Hoffman
Whether we are discussing pre-disaster risk reduction methodologies or post disaster response, one overarching factor is key: mobility.
By Dina Ionesco, Policy Officer, IOM
The slogan of this year Environment Day is “Raise your voice, not the sea level” and we are very pleased that our Newsletter offers a space for raising many different voices. Through these voices we want to highlight a diversity of visions, perspectives and opinions expressed by high level policy makers, researchers, lawyers, anthropologists, cultural activists, representatives of non-governmental organizations, IOM experts and even children. In response we are focussing on four key words in this issue: adaptation, abilities, alliances and action.
By Joe Lowry
I am no Pacific expert, but my trips to rural Papua New Guinea, and my marathon flight from Bangkok to Majuro (via Manila, Guam, Palau, Chuuk, Kwajalein, Pohnpei – and then from Majuro to a teeny tiny atoll in the midst of a turquoise ocean) got me thinking.
Children outside the Astrodome in Tacloban where thousands of shocked residents took shelter from the super-typhoon which hit on November 9.
© Greenpeace 2010 Ardiles Rante
By Alexandra Tapsoba
Alexandra Tapsoba, currently interning for the IOM’s Migration, Environment and Climate Change Team, is conducting a research within the framework of her post graduate studies at Clermont-Ferrand University on a little known topic: the correlation between remittances and deforestation in Sub-Saharan African countries. Remittances are known to be an important source of income for these countries and are often understood as a positive force that can contribute to national and local development. Remittances can also be used to reduce food insecurity in the beneficiary communities, notably by supporting agricultural activities. However, it is important to look into adverse effects of these monetary transfers.
"Melting glaciers are among the most noticeable effects of climate change in South America, Aconcagua, Argentina" © Daria Mokhnacheva 2008
By Elizabeth Warn
Adaptation, Adaptation, Adaptation: If there was one call made by experts and panelists in the 1st Symposium for Climate Change and decision makers, held in Montevideo on the 8th October of this year, it was that further focus is required on adaptation and climate change, and not just mitigation measures, and that further analysis is needed of the social, and not just financial impacts of climate change, in South America and Latin America as a whole.
By Daniel Salmon & Lorenzo Guadagno
How do people move when hazards strike? Where do they go? Why do some wait longer than others to flee? Why do some need not to flee at all, and some are not able to go anywhere? How long do people wait to go back home? And how do all these decisions influence their lives in the long term?
Pakistan © IOM/Chris Lom 2011
By Daria Mokhnacheva
As country delegates, climate experts and observers gather in Warsaw for the 19th session of the Conference of the Parties this week, it is time to look back at the progress made over the past year on some of the most significant areas of work laid out at the last UNFCCC talks in Doha.
One of the achievements in Doha of foremost interest to migration and human mobility was the adoption [hyperlink to article in previous newsletter on Climate Change Agenda and L&D of a decision on loss and damage mentioning migration, displacement and human mobility (decision 3/CP.18, paragraph 7.a.(vi)) .
Bogota City, Landsdcape. ©Elsa Garcia 2013
By Elsa Garcia and Daniel Fernandez
Colombia is taking steps towards the development of solutions to address the issue of migration associated with climate change. On the 3rd of October 2013, the IOM Colombia Climate Change Unit and the Ministry of the Environment and Development signed a cooperation agreement titled “Preparation for a National Study of Climate Change and Migration in Colombia.” The objective of the study is to “generate technical materials that support the incorporation of migration caused by climate change into current preparations for a national plan to adapt to climate change, and into sector-specific and territorial plans for this type of transition.”
UNCCD photo contest 2013© Khalid Rayhan Shawon
By Barbara Bendandi
Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) driven by erosion, deforestation, poor agricultural practices and the increased pressure of a growing population destroy land and livelihoods. These phenomena are closely connected to migration, both as a cause, and as a consequence. Estimates suggest that as many as fifty million people are at risk of displacement in the next ten years, if land degradation is not appropriately addressed.
Suh-Yong CHUNG is an Associate Professor in the Division of International Studies at Korea University and Director of Center for Climate and Sustainable Development Law and Policy (CSDLAP, www.csdlap.org), Republic of Korea. His most recent publication is Post-2020 Climate Change Regime Formation (Routledge, 2013).
1. What can be achieved at this year’s COP19?
To complete the negotiations on the new post-2020 climate regime, countries need to agree on the key issues to be included in the regime and also have their own stance prepared by this year’s COP19. This will form the basis to start discussing the negotiating texts which can lead to the adoption of a new treaty or another type of a legal agreement in France at COP21 in 2015.
In this context, it is extremely important in the climate change negotiations that a balance is achieved between the top-down approach and the bottom-up approach. This can result in a modality which both the major emitters and the developing countries can agree upon.