UNCCD photo contest 2013© Khalid Rayhan Shawon
By Barbara Bendandi
Desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) driven by erosion, deforestation, poor agricultural practices and the increased pressure of a growing population destroy land and livelihoods. These phenomena are closely connected to migration, both as a cause, and as a consequence. Estimates suggest that as many as fifty million people are at risk of displacement in the next ten years, if land degradation is not appropriately addressed.
Suh-Yong CHUNG is an Associate Professor in the Division of International Studies at Korea University and Director of Center for Climate and Sustainable Development Law and Policy (CSDLAP, www.csdlap.org), Republic of Korea. His most recent publication is Post-2020 Climate Change Regime Formation (Routledge, 2013).
1. What can be achieved at this year’s COP19?
To complete the negotiations on the new post-2020 climate regime, countries need to agree on the key issues to be included in the regime and also have their own stance prepared by this year’s COP19. This will form the basis to start discussing the negotiating texts which can lead to the adoption of a new treaty or another type of a legal agreement in France at COP21 in 2015.
In this context, it is extremely important in the climate change negotiations that a balance is achieved between the top-down approach and the bottom-up approach. This can result in a modality which both the major emitters and the developing countries can agree upon.
Asia, Bangladesh, Shatkira district. Salma Khatun, 25 years old, in her flooded house. She lives in a small village a few miles from the city of Shatkira. ©Alessandro Grassani 2011
“I am heartened by the fact that migration and population displacement now feature in a UN Climate Change document, but we need to go further. As the international migration agency, we are committed to making progress in three main areas. First, to support the least developed and developing countries in their efforts to integrate migration into adaptation planning, as they are currently developing their National Adaptation Plans. Second, to continue our work on mainstreaming migrants’ contributions into development strategies. Third, to enhance capacities needed to manage environmental migration. If systematically included in development policies, the multiple contributions of migrants can significantly contribute to sustainable and green strategies” William Swing. IOM Director – General. World Environment Day
By Dina Ionesco