In 2015, significant migrant and refugee movements in the Horn of Africa placed strain on governments and humanitarian actors in the region.
T. Craig Murphy
By T. Craig Murphy, IOM-Kenya and Dayib Askar, IOM-Somalia
Fathia Mubarik is a 21 year-old Somali refugee who was born in Hargeisa, Somaliland. In 2012, she was granted prima-facie refugee status in Yemen as a Somali national. At the end of May 2015, Fathia decided to escape from Yemen and return to the country she fled. She was single when she left Hargeisa two years ago. She returned with a disabled daughter and having lost contact with her husband, a Yemeni national who disappeared at the start of the Yemen Crisis in late March 2015.
By Craig Murphy
Abdo was born in the United Kingdom to a Yemeni father and a British mother. He moved to Aden with his father when he was 7 years.
For twenty years Abdo split his time between Yemen and the UK and he holds dual nationality.
By Craig Murphy
Mahamoud is from Hararge, Ethiopia. In Hararge, the 25 year-old farmed in order to provide support to his wife and five children. In February of 2015, Mahamoud made the decision to move to Saudi Arabia seeking better opportunities and a better life for his family. He sold his land and paid a smuggler to get him to Djibouti. His plan was to cross the Red Sea from Djibouti into Yemen and proceed onwards to Saudi Arabia.
By T. Craig MURPHY
Tragic events resulting in the loss of thousands of lives of migrants in the Mediterranean Sea have led to the start of an important political process: the EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative (HoAMRI), known as the “Khartoum Process.” Political factors and migration dynamics in the Horn of Africa and the Middle East have resulted in a surge of migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea to enter the European Union, often through Italy, Malta, and Greece.